Social Enterprises

ERDA's Centre For Establishment
of Social Enterprises (CESE)

The primary goal of ERDA’s Centre For Establishment of Social Enterprises (CESE) is to create a range of social ventures. These ventures are intended to accomplish two key objectives: firstly, to generate additional employment opportunities, and secondly, to provide high-quality products and services to the broader society at affordable prices.

What is Social Enterprise?

A social enterprise or social business is defined as a business with specific social objectives that serve its primary purpose. Social enterprises seek to maximize profits while maximizing benefits to society and the environment, and the profits are principally used to fund social programs.

Key features of a social enterprise:

  • A social enterprise is a business with social objectives.

  • Maximizing profits is not the primary goal of a social enterprise as is with a traditional business.

  • Unlike a charity, social enterprises pursue endeavors that generate revenues, which fund their social causes.

  • Regarding employment, preference is given to job-seekers from at-risk communities.

  • Funding for a social enterprise is often obtained by selling services and goods.

The concept of a social enterprise was developed in the U.K. in the late 1970s to counter the traditional commercial enterprise. Social enterprises exist at the intersection of the private and volunteer sectors. They seek to balance activities that provide financial benefits with social goals, such as housing for low-income families or job training.

Funding is obtained primarily by selling goods and services to consumers, although some funding is obtained through grants. Because profit-maximization is not the primary goal, a social enterprise operates differently than a standard company.

While earning profits is not the primary motivation behind a social enterprise, revenue still plays an essential role in the venture’s sustainability. Sustainable revenue differentiates a social enterprise from a traditional charity that relies on outside funding to fulfill its social mission. This goal does not mean social enterprises cannot be profitable. Instead, it’s simply that their priority is to reinvest profits into their social mission rather than fund payouts to shareholders. 

Managing Committee of
Centre For Establishment of Social Enterprises (CESE)


Name of Members




Dr. R. K. Mishra




Dr. Shanu Singh




Dr. Surbhi Srivastava




Mr. Zeyaul Islam